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5 Stages of Team Development: What You Need to Know

 The five stages of team development, as outlined by Bruce Tuckman in 1965, are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. Let’s explore each stage in detail:

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Essential Learning Points From This Episode

Forming: In this initial stage, team members come together and get acquainted. They’re polite and positive as they try to understand their roles and objectives. There’s usually a sense of excitement and anticipation about the project or task at hand.
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  • Stick to posting schedules that work
  • Giveaways are a great way to get people into your community
  • Look into your insights to see when your audience is active on Instagram
  • Always be clear on what your CTA is

 However, because relationships and roles are still being established, there may also be some anxiety and uncertainty.
Storming: As the team starts working together more closely, differences in opinions, approaches, and personalities become apparent.

This can lead to conflicts and disagreements within the team. The storming stage is characterized by competition for leadership and resistance to constraints. It’s essential for team members to navigate through this stage by openly addressing conflicts, listening to different perspectives, and finding common ground.


Trust starts to build among team members, and they start to collaborate more effectively. Roles become clearer, and individuals start to accept their responsibilities within the team. Communication becomes more open and constructive, leading to better problem-solving and decision-making.

Key Takeaways

  • Remain Top of Mind
  • Be Seen to Sell
  • Learn Something New

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Performing: The performing stage is when the team reaches its peak productivity. By this point, team members have developed strong relationships, trust each other, and understand their roles and objectives clearly. They work together seamlessly, leveraging each other’s strengths and supporting one another to achieve their goals. There’s a high level of synergy, and the team produces high-quality results consistently

Adjourning: Also known as the “mourning” stage, adjourning occurs when the team completes its task or project and disbands. This stage involves reflecting on the team’s accomplishments, acknowledging individual contributions, and saying goodbye. It’s essential for team members to take the time to celebrate their achievements and express gratitude for their shared experiences. Additionally, this stage provides an opportunity for learning and growth, as team members can reflect on what worked well and what could be improved in future collaborations.


Understanding these five stages of team development can help teams navigate through challenges more effectively and maximize their potential for success.

By recognizing where they are in the team development process, team members can adjust their behaviors and communication styles to foster collaboration and achieve their objectives.


Understanding these five stages of team development can help teams navigate through challenges more effectively and maximize their potential for success. By recognizing where they are in the team development process, team members can adjust their behaviors and communication styles to foster collaboration and achieve their objectives.

During the forming stage, team leaders play a crucial role in setting the tone for collaboration and creating a supportive environment where team members feel valued and heard. This helps build trust and lays the foundation for effective communication and cooperation as the team progresses through the stages.

As the team moves into the storming stage, it’s essential for team members to address conflicts openly and constructively. This may involve facilitating discussions, mediating disagreements, and encouraging empathy and understanding among team members. By resolving conflicts early on, teams can prevent them from escalating and disrupting productivity.

In the norming stage, team leaders can focus on reinforcing positive behaviors and fostering a sense of cohesion and camaraderie among team members. This may involve establishing team norms and rituals, such as regular check-ins or team-building activities, to strengthen relationships and promote collaboration.

Once the team reaches the performing stage, it’s important to maintain momentum and continue striving for excellence. Team leaders can support this by providing resources and support, recognizing and celebrating achievements, and encouraging continuous improvement and innovation.

Finally, in the adjourning stage, team leaders can facilitate closure and help team members transition smoothly out of the team. This may involve conducting exit interviews, providing feedback and recognition, and helping team members reflect on their experiences and lessons learned.

Overall, by understanding and actively managing the five stages of team development, teams can enhance their effectiveness, improve communication and collaboration, and achieve their goals more successfully.

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